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The Principles of Periodization - THE Secret Running Tip to Peak Performance

Periodization is necessary to get yourself to peak performance for the right race at the right time.

It's THE running tip that will really help set you apart from the bulk of the runners.

Many people do the same-old running at any given time of the year. You can outrun faster runners than you, when you practice these periodization running tips!

Running Tip #1: Cut Your Running Program Into Blocks

Periodization is the concept of cutting your running program into different blocks.

In each block you devote your attention to specific types of running.
You do this to optimally prepare yourself for your goal race.

Different trainers approach these blocks, these running training phases, differently and use different names for them.

However, it all pretty much comes down to the same thing. In general we identify the following blocks:

periodization, training cycle

  • Base Running
  • When you concentrate on putting in the miles, and keeping speed low.

  • Quality
  • Mileage goes down, but intensity goes up (intervals, reps, threshold sessions).

  • Taper
  • Depending on the distance, you have a 1 to 3 week period where you seriously lower the mileage in order to get the legs fresh at race day.

  • Race
  • What it is all about!

  • After-Race
  • For shorter races this can be a day or two, but this is an especially important phase after a marathon. Even when you feel fine not long after your marathon it is best to take it really easy, because of the damaging effects of the marathon on your legs.

    Running Tip #2: Learn from the Big Boys

    Whenever you pick up a good running training book, it will inevitably spend a lot of time explaining the concepts of periodization.

    Some examples:

    A great general running training book, Daniels' Running Formula, explains periodization very well. Daniels tells you how long each phase should be depending on the total length of your running program and the race distance.

    Per race distance, he exactly tells you what you should do. He identifies the following phases:

  • Foundation

  • Early Quality

  • Transition Quality

  • Final Quality (including Taper)

  • As you see, this is not too dissimilar from the running training blocks identified earlier on.

    running quote

    Running Tip #3: Make Each Run Count - Or Not?

    The other part in which many of us go wrong is to have the tendency to make each run count.

    Why is this bad?

    Well, a general rule is that when you have a training schedule set up, you alternate hard and easy days. A hard day is generally a quality workout day, e.g. tempo, interval, long run.

    An easy day would be a day of no running, a recovery run or cross-training.

    Many of us who go out every day don't really apply the concept of recovery runs. Many of these so-called recovery runs turn out to be semi-hard days.

    The result of that is that your hard running workout is also not optimal. Because you haven't fully recovered, your hard workout is not as fast or as long as it should be.

    So, you end up doing semi-hard after semi-hard after semi-hard workout, which leads to sub-optimal performance.

    One of the hardest parts of running training is to know when to take a rest and when to go for it!


    Running Tip #4: Know Which Type of Running is More Important for Your Race

    Now, the difficult part is of course, what is most important in each phase / each running block?

    This depends a lot on the race you are training for.

    When you are preparing for a marathon, your focus will be more on longer, slower runs. When you are preparing for a 5k, intervals are more important.

    It does not mean that you don't do any intervals when you are preparing for a marathon. And it doesn't mean you don't do any long runs when training for a 5k.

    But your running program will definitely look and feel significantly different.

    Periodization is key to achieving the absolute best! So, apply the above in a smart running training program! It's not all about running hard, you'll need to be a little bit smart as well!

    The following articles can help you further, based on the specific distance of your next important race. Make sure to check them out:

    5k running tips 10k running tips training for a half marathon
    marathon training tips running races

    > > Periodization

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